Venous Malformations are the most common type of congenital vascular malformations, occurring in 1-2 out of 10,000 births. Venous malformations develop in a child prior to birth and can occur anywhere on the body. They are believed to result from abnormal or problematic development of the veins during pregnancy and are not caused by drug use or other environmental factors.
Some venous malformations may not become evident until the teen or adult years. Others are evident at birth. Venous malformations that do not present problems can simply be monitored and left untreated. Those that present problems may require medical treatment. The Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York can diagnose and treat venous malformations, with some of the best experts in the country.
Venous Malformation Progression
Venous malformations typically appear as a blue, purple or maroon spot that grows in proportion to a child’s normal growth. They can often grow quickly when stimulated through certain situations, including:
- Surgery or removal
- Other hormonal changes
Venous malformations can also increase in size due to increased physical activity, increased stress or emotional trauma or positioning the offending area below heart level.
Some serious complications that can develop with venous malformations include pain in the area of the malformation, bleeding from the malformation, breathing problems, vision problems, weak bone composition that allows for easy breakage and anemia.
Venous malformations that grow and present problems for your child should be evaluated and treated by the experts at Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York as soon as possible.
Venous Malformation Treatments
The vascular professionals at Vascular Birthmark Institute will determine an appropriate form of treatment for your child’s venous malformation depending on its location and size or distribution. Determining this will require diagnostic testing that can include ultrasound to determine the structure and depth, an MRI to formulate a 3D picture of the site and to look for additional malformations in the internal organs and a CT scan to look for malformations that may affect nearby bones.
After completing the necessary diagnostic testing, your physician may recommend one of the following treatments.
These tight-fitting garments or clothing compress the area of the venous malformation to reduce pain, swelling and potential for bleeding. This treatment is often the first step in treating these malformations and may be combined with other treatment options.
This treatment involves the injection of a chemical into the veins comprising the venous malformation to shrink its size and scope. The chemical causes the vein to break down and be naturally absorbed by the body. Blood is automatically rerouted to other nearby, healthy veins.
Different laser technologies can be used to reduce discoloration or even close off the offending veins, eliminating their appearance and the chance for future complications.
Some smaller venous malformations can be removed through surgery. Complete removal is often recommended when the malformation causes complications with bodily functions. Particular care is taken during this surgery to prevent the malformation from reoccurring.
If you have questions about venous malformations in your child, call The Vascular Birthmark Institute in New York at 212-434-4050 and schedule a consultation with one of our specialists.