An infantile hemangioma is a very common type of birthmark that appears in more than 3 million children each year in the United States. Most hemangiomas are not present at birth but will appear within the first six weeks after a child’s birth. They can appear anywhere on the skin surface, and typically first show up as a small bruise, scratch, or tiny red bump. Hemangiomas most commonly occur on the scalp, face, and neck and unlike other types of birthmarks, they will grow and change quickly during your child’s first few months. Many small hemangiomas of the scalp are hidden by dark and/or thick hair; however, if they continue to grow they can become obvious no matter how much hair a child has.
There are three general types of infantile hemangiomas:
- Superficial hemangiomas, which occur on the outer layers of the skin, are typically bright red to purple in color.
- Deep hemangiomas, which grow under the skin in the fat, may be blue, purple, or even skin color.
- Mixed hemangiomas are the most common type of hemangiomas. These have both superficial and deep components.
The cause of infantile hemangiomas is unknown, which is why they often come as a very big shock to parents and present a very uneasy concern. While most infantile hemangiomas of the scalp are not dangerous to a child in any way, about 12% of cases can present issues. The Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York is led by the world’s authoritative voices in treatment for infantile hemangiomas. Our doctors understand the growth, development, resting, and involution phases of hemangiomas and are able to provide the most accurate diagnosis and specific treatment for patients as young as infants and who are well into adulthood.
At The Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York we believe that the timing of treatment is an important issue. Because infants and children have such a rapid rate of growth, it is important for early intervention to be sought by an expert in infantile hemangiomas, not simply by a pediatrician. The expertise and precision of the Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York is unsurpassed, and we are proud to be the worldwide authority for treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the scalp.